Financial management homework 1 | Business & Finance homework help

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Homework Set 1

 

Directions: Answer the following questions on a separate document. Explain how you reached the answer or show your work if a mathematical calculation is needed, or both. Submit your assignment using the assignment link in the course shell. This homework assignment is worth 100 points.

Use the following information for Questions 1 through 8:

Assume that you recently graduated and have just reported to work as an investment advisor at the one of the firms on Wall Street. You have been presented and asked to review the following Income Statement and Balance Sheets of one of the firm’s clients. Your boss has developed the following set of questions you must answer.

Income Statements and Balance Sheet

Balance Sheet

 

2012

2013

 

2014

Cash

$9,000

$7,282

$14,000

Short-term investments

48,600

20,000

71,632

Accounts receivable

351,200

632,160

878,000

Inventories

715,200

1,287,360

1,716,480

Total current assets

$1,124,000

$1,946,802

$2,680,112

Gross fixed assets

491,000

1,202,950

1,220,000

Less: Accumulated depreciation

146,200

263,160

383,160

Net fixed assets

$344,800

$939,790

$836,840

Total assets

$1,468,800

$2,886,592

$3,516,952

 

 

 

 

Liabilities and Equity

 

 

 

Accounts payable

$145,600

$324,000

$359,800

Notes payable

200,000

720,000

300,000

Accruals

136,000

284,960

380,000

Total current liabilities

$481,600

$1,328,960

$1,039,800

Long-term debt

323,432

1,000,000

500,000

Common stock (100,000 shares)

460,000

460,000

1,680,936

Retained earnings

203,768

97,632

296,216

Total equity

$663,768

$557,632

$1,977,152

Total liabilities and equity

$1,468,800

$2,886,592

$3,516,952

 

Income Statements

2012

2013

2014

Sales

$3,432,000

$5,834,400

$7,035,600

Cost of goods sold except depr.

2,864,000

4,980,000

5,800,000

Depreciation and amortization

18,900

116,960

120,000

Other expenses

340,000

720,000

612,960

Total operating costs

$3,222,900

$5,816,960

$6,532,960

EBIT

$209,100

$17,440

$502,640

Interest expense

62,500

176,000

80,000

EBT

$146,600

($158,560)

$422,640

Taxes (40%)

58,640

-63,424

169,056

Net income

$87,960

($95,136)

 

$253,584

Other Data

  

2012

2013

 

2014

Stock price

$8.50

$6.00

$12.17

Shares outstanding

100,000

100,000

250,000

EPS

$0.88

($0.95)

$1.104

DPS

$0.22

0.11

0.22

Tax rate

40%

40%

40%

Book value per share

$6.64

$5.58

$7.909

Lease payments

$40,000

   

$40,000

$40,000

 

 

Ratio Analysis

2012

2013

 

Industry Average

Current

2.3

1.5

2.7

Quick

0.8

0.5

1.0

Inventory turnover

4

4

6.1

Days sales outstanding

37.3

39.6

32.0

Fixed assets turnover

10

6.2

7.0

Total assets turnover

2.3

2

2.5

Debt ratio

35.60%

59.60%

32.0%

Liabilities-to-assets ratio

54.80%

80.70%

50.0%

TIE

3.3

0.1

6.2

EBITDA coverage

2.6

0.8

8.0

Profit margin

2.60%

−1.6%

3.6%

Basic earning power

14.20%

0.60%

17.8%

ROA

6.00%

−3.3%

9.0%

ROE

13.30%

−17.1%

17.9%

Price/Earnings (P/E)

9.7

−6.3

16.2

Price/Cash flow

8

27.5

7.6

Market/Book

1.3

1.1

2.9

2.  Suppose Congress changed the tax laws so that Berndt’s depreciation expenses doubled. No changes in operations occurred. What would happen to reported profit and to net cash flow? 


3.  Calculate the 2014 current and quick ratios based on the projected balance sheet and income statement data. What can you say about the company’s liquidity position in 2013? 


6.  Calculate the 2014 profit margin, basic earning power (BEP), return on assets (ROA), and return on equity (ROE). What can you say about these ratios? 


7.  Calculate the 2014 price / earnings ratio, price / cash flow ratio, and market / book ratio. 


 

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