SOLUTION: University of Arizona Environmental Conservation and Agriculture Essay

Get Custom Essay on SOLUTION: University of Arizona Environmental Conservation and Agriculture Essay

Let Our Team of Pofessional Writers Take Care of Your Paper.

What to Expect Today
Assignment 7
Reviewing the Literature
The Art of Abstract Writing
ENVS408 Review of Title Writing
Assignment 7
Due October 12
• Same Annotation Format as
Assignment 5
• Turn in THREE additional references
Read any feedback from Assignment 5
Outcome – 6 references for review
paper
ENVS408 Assignment 7
Assignment 7
ENVS408 Assignment 7
Reviewing the Literature

ENVS408 Literature Review
Reviewing the Literature
Literature review requires the ability to multi-task
Finding and evaluating relevant material
Synthesizing information from various sources
Critical thinking
Paraphrasing and citation skills
Steps to take to help you pull a mountain of information into a cohesive
paper
ENVS408 Literature Review
Search and Re-Search the Literature
(Ongoing)
As you search the literature
Keep track of the search keywords you use – you may have to
replicate the search
Use a management system (optional) – Mendeley
Don’t only search for research papers – also search for previous
reviews on the subject
ENVS408 Literature Review
Maintain Your Annotated Bibliography
By the time you have read the literature, you have already ‘created’ a
rough draft
Of course, one that will need restructuring and rethinking to turn it
into a coherent document
But you won’t be staring at a blank page!
ENVS408 Literature Review
Find a Logical Structure
Review papers do not have the same structure (intro, methods, results,
discussion) as other research papers
Introduction (~1.5 pages)
Introduce your topic – ‘grab’ the reader’s interest
Explain how your topic is relevant to the big picture
Provide necessary background information – what is known
about your topic?
End with the thesis statement – what is the purpose of this
review?
Body of Paper
Conclusions
ENVS408 Literature Review
Body of Paper
Use your paper
outline to create
headers
ENVS408 Literature Review
Find a Logical Structure
Review papers do not have the same structure (intro, methods, results,
discussion) as other research papers
Introduction (~1.5 pages)
Body of Paper (~5.5 pages)
Conclusions (~1.0 page)
Succinctly summarize your major points
Discuss the questions that remain unanswered
Revisit the thesis statement – has this been achieved?
Could discuss the implications of your findings
Example: A review of the literature finds that bark beetle infestations are
increasing at an alarming rate, and this is correlated with fire control
What could this mean to the tourist industry? Or to hydrologic
cycle?
Be Objective
You may have conscious or unconscious bias towards your subject
You may be very enthusiastic about one side of an argument – and
thus may give more importance to these findings in your review, or
may downplay findings that support an alternative view
Important to communicate arguments and counter-arguments
If deficiencies exist, these can be noted
ENVS408 Literature Review
Be Objective – Example
You may have conscious or unconscious bias towards your subject
“The vegan lifestyle”
“Free-range vs. confined animal feeding operations”
“Legalization of opioids”
ENVS408 Literature Review
Reviewing the Literature
More than a term paper – not merely a report on references
Instead, synthesizes the results from scientific literature to produce
a coherent argument about a topic OR a focused description of a
field
Literature reviews are in great demand in most scientific fields
This need stems from the increasing output of scientific
publications
Scientists cannot examine in detail every single new paper relevant to
their interests
Thus, they rely on summaries of the recent scientific literature
For review papers to be useful, they need to be compiled in a
professional way
ENVS408 Literature Review
You Are Creating a Mini-Review
ENVS408 Literature Review
You Are Creating a Mini-Review
Not a minor review
Simplifies some issues due to space limitations – may get a lot of
attention
Full review – may cover scientific developments in more detail, but
may sit in a ‘to be read’ pile
Would you like to publish your work?
Speak to your mentor/ advisor
Search for a target journal that would consider your paper
ENVS408 Literature Review
In-Class Writing Exercise
Texas is well known for being a large beef-producing state and
because of this high cattle population, high pollution levels are
present as well. 81% of NH3 in the atmosphere is caused by
animal agriculture emissions and other high levels of nitrates, and
other pollutants that occur in this level of concentration near
feedlots leach into groundwater and the atmosphere. Cattle only
absorb 10-15% of the nitrates in their food and reducing their
dietary proteins by 1.5% would reduce these emissions by 20%.
This illustrates that the large density of cattle population greatly
affects the environment and that changes can occur to limit the
pollutants.
Fix the confusion
Remove excess wording
Fix punctuation
Think outside the box!
ENVS408 Literature Review
ENVS408 Abstract Writing
The Art of Abstract Writing
Abstract – a complete but
concise description of your
work
To entice potential
readers into
obtaining/downloading
a copy of the full
paper, or to come and
see your poster – to
‘sell’ your work
Not just a summary – not
just a description of the
work
ENVS408 Abstract Writing
The Art of Abstract Writing
Work from a checklist
Motivation
Thesis statement
Approach
Results
Conclusions
Each of these typically at least a single sentence – but there is some
room for creativity
Merge parts or spread among several sentences
ENVS408 Abstract Writing
Checklist – Motivation
Why should we care about the problem that you are writing about?
The subject has to be obviously interesting
Not necessarily the FIRST sentence – can be interspersed
throughout
Can start off with a large problem statement, then state the
motivation by saying which piece of the problem your work
addresses
Example: Climate change is drastically changing rain patterns
throughout the world, forcing humans to alter their
agricultural practices. In Kenya, farmers can no longer
depend on a sustainable water supply for crop irrigation.
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
Checklist – Motivation
Why should we care about the problem that you are writing about?
The subject has to be obviously interesting
Not necessarily the FIRST sentence – can be interspersed
throughout
Can start off with a large problem statement, then state the
motivation by saying which piece of the problem your work
addresses
Motivation will include the importance of the work, the difficulty of
the area, and/or the impact it might have if successful
Why did you want to do this work in the first place?
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
Checklist – Motivation
Why should we care about the problem that you are writing about?
The subject has to be obviously interesting
Not necessarily the FIRST sentence – can be interspersed
throughout
Can start off with a large problem statement, then state the
motivation by saying which piece of the problem your work
addresses
Example: Climate change is drastically changing rain patterns
throughout the world, forcing humans to alter their
agricultural practices. In Kenya, farmers can no longer
depend on a sustainable water supply for crop irrigation. This
can have disastrous repercussions, given that 25 million
Kenyans are dependent on fresh produce grown locally.
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Motivation
Remember: Why should we care about the problem that you are writing
about?
You are writing a review paper on the ‘College Admissions Scandal.’
Think about a 1- or 2-sentence motivation statement for the review
paper
How would you describe the background?
How would you define the problem?
Keep it BIG PICTURE.
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Motivation
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to
enhanced opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income.
Such disparity leads to the potential for cheating; for example, wealthy
parents might provide unscrupulous admissions personnel with bribe
money to admit their unqualified children.
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
Checklist – Problem Statement
What problem are you trying to solve?
What is the scope of your work? Are you using a generalized
approach, or are you only looking at a very specific situation?
Be careful here – don’t want to use too much jargon
Use data to illustrate the problem?
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Problem Statement
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to
enhanced opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income.
Such disparity leads to the potential for cheating; for example, wealthy
parents might provide unscrupulous admissions personnel with bribe
money to admit their unqualified children.
Construct a 1-2 sentence Problem Statement
So far, we have covered the general issue, but what is the specific
problem?
What kind of data can you introduce to support the problem
statement?
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Problem Statement
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to
enhanced opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income.
Such disparity leads to the potential for cheating; for example, wealthy
parents might provide unscrupulous admissions personnel with bribe
money to admit their unqualified children.
In 2019, a scandal was uncovered in which 10 affluent families
throughout the United States paid more than $1 million in bribes to allow
their children to be admitted to top universities. In effect, deserving
students who had worked their whole lives to achieve good grades and
top SAT scores were cheated out of their places at reputable schools.
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
Checklist – Approach
How are you going about solving the problem?
Did you use simulation, review of current literature, analysis of
field data?
How many did you examine?
What important variables did you measure?
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Approach
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to
enhanced opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income.
Such disparity leads to the potential for cheating; for example, wealthy
parents might provide unscrupulous admissions personnel with bribe
money to admit their unqualified children. In 2019, a scandal was
uncovered in which 10 affluent families throughout the United States
paid more than $1 million in bribes to allow their children to be admitted
to top universities. In effect, deserving students who had worked their
whole lives to achieve good grades and top SAT scores were cheated out
of their places at reputable schools.
Write a 1-sentence approach.
What variables did you measure?
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Approach
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to
enhanced opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income.
Such disparity leads to the potential for cheating; for example, wealthy
parents might provide unscrupulous admissions personnel with bribe
money to admit their unqualified children. In 2019, a scandal was
uncovered in which 10 affluent families throughout the United States
paid more than $1 million in bribes to allow their children to be admitted
to top universities. In effect, deserving students who had worked their
whole lives to achieve good grades and top SAT scores were cheated out
of their places at reputable schools.
This work reviews current literature on the scandal, specifically
examining income disparity between five families denied admission and
five who ‘bought’ their way into school.
Checklist – Results
What is the answer?
Use numbers – don’t be vague (avoid ‘very’ or ‘small’)
Over two years, we examined 200 fecal samples from coyote, bobcats,
dogs, horses, and wild pigs, finding that pathogen levels varied widely.
For example, Salmonella levels in wild pig feces ranged from non-detect
(15%) of samples, to more than 106 per gram of feces (20% of
samples).
If your project is not yet complete, include preliminary results
and/or a hypothesis about what further results will be
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Results
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to enhanced
opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income. Such disparity leads to the
potential for cheating; for example, wealthy parents might provide unscrupulous
admissions personnel with bribe money to admit their unqualified children. In 2019, a
scandal was uncovered in which 10 affluent families throughout the United States paid
more than $1 million in bribes to allow their children to be admitted to top universities.
In effect, deserving students who had worked their whole lives to achieve good grades
and top SAT scores were cheated out of their places at reputable schools. This work
reviews current literature on the scandal, specifically examining income disparity
between five families denied admission and five who ‘bought’ their way into school.
Write a 1-sentence ‘Result’
Use numbers – do not be vague
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Results
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to enhanced
opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income. Such disparity leads to the
potential for cheating; for example, wealthy parents might provide unscrupulous
admissions personnel with bribe money to admit their unqualified children. In 2019, a
scandal was uncovered in which 10 affluent families throughout the United States paid
more than $1 million in bribes to allow their children to be admitted to top universities.
In effect, deserving students who had worked their whole lives to achieve good grades
and top SAT scores were cheated out of their places at reputable schools. This work
reviews current literature on the scandal, specifically examining income disparity
between five families denied admission and five who ‘bought’ their way into school.
The families denied admission, whose children enrolled in community
colleges, averaged an income of $45,000 per year. Families who ‘bought’
their way into school averaged an income of $560,000 per year.
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
Checklist – Conclusions
What are the implications of your work?
Is it going to change the status quo?
Conclusions sentence should convince readers that the project is
interesting, valuable, and worth investigating further
Does your work indicate that this path is a waste of time?
ENVS408 Abstract Writing – Checklist
In-Class Writing – Conclusions
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to enhanced
opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income. Such disparity leads to the
potential for cheating; for example, wealthy parents might provide unscrupulous
admissions personnel with bribe money to admit their unqualified children. In 2019, a
scandal was uncovered in which 10 affluent families throughout the United States paid
more than $1 million in bribes to allow their children to be admitted to top universities.
In effect, deserving students who had worked their whole lives to achieve good grades
and top SAT scores were cheated out of their places at reputable schools. This work
reviews current literature on the scandal, specifically examining income disparity
between five families denied admission and five who ‘bought’ their way into school. The
families denied admission, whose children enrolled in community colleges, averaged an
income of $45,000 per year. Families who ‘bought’ their way into school averaged an
income of $560,000 per year.
In 1- or 2-sentences, what are the conclusions of your work?
Remember, should be interesting!
In-Class Writing – Conclusions
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to enhanced
opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income. Such disparity leads to the
potential for cheating; for example, wealthy parents might provide unscrupulous
admissions personnel with bribe money to admit their unqualified children. In 2019, a
scandal was uncovered in which 10 affluent families throughout the United States paid
more than $1 million in bribes to allow their children to be admitted to top universities.
In effect, deserving students who had worked their whole lives to achieve good grades
and top SAT scores were cheated out of their places at reputable schools. This work
reviews current literature on the scandal, specifically examining income disparity
between five families denied admission and five who ‘bought’ their way into school. The
families denied admission, whose children enrolled in community colleges, averaged an
income of $45,000 per year. Families who ‘bought’ their way into school averaged an
income of $560,000 per year.
This sad example illustrates that wealth equates to power, and that
cheaters sometimes win. Additional research will reveal whether jail time
for cheaters results in improved behavior.
Abstract
In the United States, graduation from a top-tier university equates to enhanced
opportunity for prestigious employment and higher income. Such disparity leads to the
potential for cheating; for example, wealthy parents might provide unscrupulous
admissions personnel with bribe money to admit their unqualified children. In 2019, a
scandal was uncovered in which 10 affluent families throughout the United States paid
more than $1 million in bribes to allow their children to be admitted to top universities.
In effect, deserving students who had worked their whole lives to achieve good grades
and top SAT scores were cheated out of their places at reputable schools. This work
reviews current literature on the scandal, specifically examining income disparity
between five families denied admission and five who ‘bought’ their way into school. The
families denied admission, whose children enrolled in community colleges, averaged an
income of $45,000 per year. Families who ‘bought’ their way into school averaged an
income of $560,000 per year. This sad example illustrates that wealth equates to power,
and that cheaters sometimes win. Additional research will reveal whether jail time for
cheaters results in improved behavior.
ENVS408 Abstract Writing
Thursday:
More on Writing Abstracts
In-Class Abstract Writing

Purchase answer to see full
attachment

Calculate the price for this paper
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Try it now!

Calculate the price for this paper

We'll send you the first draft for approval by at
Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

Best Quality Essays has stood as the world’s leading custom essay writing services providers. Once you enter all the details in the order form under the place order button, the rest is up to us.

Essays

Essay Writing Services

At Best Quality Essays, we prioritize on all aspects that bring about a good grade such as impeccable grammar, proper structure, zero-plagiarism and conformance to guidelines. Our experienced team of writers will help you completed your essays and other assignments.

Admissions

Admission and Business Papers

Be assured that you’ll definitely get accepted to the Master’s level program at any university once you enter all the details in the order form. We won’t leave you here; we will also help you secure a good position in your aspired workplace by creating an outstanding resume or portfolio once you place an order.

Editing

Editing and Proofreading

Our skilled editing and writing team will help you restructure you paper, paraphrase, correct grammar and replace plagiarized sections on your paper just on time. The service is geared toward eliminating any mistakes and rather enhancing better quality.

Coursework

Technical papers

We have writers in almost all fields including the most technical fields. You don’t have to worry about the complexity of your paper. Simply enter as much details as possible in the place order section.