Week 5 discussion response to classmates

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Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resources on your own before you bid. Main references come from Murray, C., Pope, A., & Willis, B. (2017) and/or American Psychological Association (2014). You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation regarding treatment. Please respond to all 3 of my classmates with references separately. You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation like peer-reviewed, professional scholarly journals. I need this completed by 03/28/2020 at 10pm.

Expectation:

Responses to peers. Note that this is measured by both the quantity and quality of your posts. Does your post contribute to continuing the discussion? Are your ideas supported with citations from the learning resources and other scholarly sources? Note, that although it is often helpful and important to provide one or two sentence responses thanking somebody or supporting them or commiserating with them, those types of responses do not always further the discussion as much as they check in with the author. Such responses are appropriate and encouraged; however, they should be considered supplemental to more substantive responses, not sufficient by themselves.

Read a your colleagues’ postings. Respond to your colleagues’ postings.

Respond in one or more of the following ways:

· Ask a probing question.

· Share an insight gained from having read your colleague’s posting.

· Offer and support an opinion.

· Validate an idea with your own experience.

· Make a suggestion.

· Expand on your colleague’s posting.

1. Classmate (C. Als)

Main Post

One of the counselor’s reactions to the client’s diagnosis is she didn’t show a sign of fear or judge her client based on her sexual decision having unprotected sex with an evangelist leader and it appears to make the client more comfortable in wanting to be open about her situation. The counselor remained calm about the situation, empathetic and open to the details regarding her client’s situations (PBS, 2007). For example, some clients can experience a variety of difficult emotions or self-blame or shame from contracting this disease. They can also experience grief or some form of risk for anxiety or depression something the client experienced shortly after finding out she contracted the disease (Murray, Pope & Willis, 2017). Since this client’s faith was strong within her Christianity, she underwent a downfall and started to question God about her faith in him as to why he would allow this to happen to her. The counselor appeared to have acknowledged this was a way her client expressed her pain through resenting her faith (PBS, 2007).

Another potential reaction the counselor had towards this client was how she became engaged with the support she had for others who also had contracted the disease. She seemed very enthusiastic about the way her client was working with women in China and in Africa who had contracted the disease as well as the full-time company she had founded where she publicly speaks to those about HIV awareness and education prevention (PBS, 2007). Counselors have been known to advocate for clients living with HIV/AIDS in ways that protect them from discrimination. Also, counselors will assist their clients with the prevention and information about the future spread of HIV. This will include making sure their client is healthy and taking the proper medication to take care of themselves. Both reactions indicate to the counselor their client can remain healthy, will engage in safer sex practices and provide a good informative program advocating against the spread of HIV to enhance the lives of others in her community (Murray, Pope & Willis, 2017).

References

Murray, C., Pope, A., & Willis, B. (2017). Sexuality counseling: Theory, research, and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

PBS. (2007). HIV Ministry. Retrieved from: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/2007/10/19/october-19-2007-hiv-ministry/4447/

2. Classmate (C. Rod)

Since the outbreak of HIV/AIDS in the 1980s, there has been a negative stigma that has been a barrier to effective treatment. Being diagnosed with HIV/AIDS can cripple one’s family, social and economic life that can interfere with assessing treatment services (Mahajan, Sayles, Patel, Remien, Sawires, Ortiz, Szekeres & Coates, 2008). Although it is acknowledged that addressing the negative stigma is a must however, due to lack of support, stigma reduction is not a priority. 

Counselor’s Reaction & Impact

    It is essential that counselors understand the psychosocial factors that can impact the HIV progression. Those that test positive for HIV/AIDS are at higher risk for developing depressive symptoms, suicidal ideations, attempts, and exhibit PTSD from past trauma/abuse (Murray, Pope & Willis, 2017). A positive response as a counselor to a client who has HIV/AIDS would be sensitivity and support. These individuals may need help processing difficult emotions and help to find themselves outside of the disease. Counselors can enhance the client’s quality of life by assisting when prejudice is experienced at work and school, and advocate to prevent the spread of HIV (Murray et al., 2017). 

    The opposite reaction would be a counselor judging or holding personal biases towards a client where it interferes with receiving services. During graduate college, when moral development is critical, students receive limited training on HIV/AIDS (Joe & Foster, 2017). Counselors not receiving proper training leads to biases and not being culturally sensitive when working with this population. As professional counselors, our goal is to avoid doing harm to clients. Counselors who hold biases towards HIV/AIDS cause their clients to experience the harmful effects of personal biases and social stigma (Joe & Foster, 2017). 

 
 

References

Joe, J. R., & Foster, V. A. (2017). Moral development, HIV/AIDS knowledge, and attitude toward HIV/AIDS among counseling students in the United States. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 39(3), 295–310. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Mahajan, A. P., Sayles, J. N., Patel, V. A., Remien, R. H., Sawires, S. R., Ortiz, D. J., Szekeres, G., & Coates, T. J. (2008). Stigma in the HIV/AIDS epidemic: a review of the literature and recommendations for the way forward. AIDS (London, England), 22 Suppl 2(Suppl 2), S67–S79. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.aids.0000327438.13291.62

Murray, C., Pope, A., & Willis, B. (2017). Sexuality counseling: Theory, research, and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

3. Classmate (C. Pie)

Reading through the literature on this particular topic now, I do not know that I have ever truly asked myself about my own feelings towards the potential of having a client who is living with HIV/AIDS… For me, there exists a fear of the unknown in regard to HIV/AIDS because, yes of my lack of education on the subject matter–my experience with health education in the public school system was lackluster, but also my own developmental characteristics and attitudes as they apply to HIV/AIDS (Joe, J. R., & Foster, V. A. 2017). HIV/AIDS are in my opinion, more often associated with Sexually Transmitted Infections or dirty needles [drug use], rather than the potential for being passed down mother to child. Thus, it is understandable why HIV/AIDS takes on moral dilemmas. I will admit that due to my limited knowledge of HIV/AIDS, I would not be beneficial as a counselor to a client living with these conditions right now. Therefore, in regard to responses of counselors, I can use myself as an example of the first response: ignorance. Joe and Foster (2017) noted the wide gap in HIV/AIDS education that is available to professionals working in the mental health field. The American Counseling Association’s number of articles only mentioning HIV/AIDS is merely in the high 50s. There is high likelihood in this case that referring out might occur. However, I do believe that my initial internal response to my own ignorance is seeking education. I would seek out professional development training for HIV/AIDS in order to better serve my client. As far as my reaction towards a client, I would do my best to react with acceptance and positive regard, acknowledging at the very least that I know HIV/AIDS are both equally difficult to live with. 

In a case where the counselor is knowledgeable about the subject of HIV/AIDS, displays acceptance and positive regard toward the client, and establishes strong rapport, the therapeutic alliance there could foster meaningful conversations about the biases often associated with HIV/AIDS and prejudices attached to the biases. The same counselor, in turn, could help ease fears often associated with the moral dilemmas that can come with providing education to mental healthcare professionals (2017). Bridging the gap between ignorance and education is crucial to providing effective care for individuals with HIV/AIDS. In this way, the counselor becomes an advocate for the client and an educator to other professionals.

 

Reference:

Joe, J. R., & Foster, V. A. (2017). Moral development, HIV/AIDS knowledge, and attitude toward HIV/AIDS among counseling students in the united states. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 39(3), 295-310. doi:http://dx.doi.org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1007/s10447-017-9299-

Required Resources

Readings

· Course Text: Murray, C., Pope, A., & Willis, B. (2017). Sexuality counseling: Theory, research, and practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

· Chapter 4, “Physiology and Sexual Health”

· Article: Joe, J. R., & Foster, V. A. (2017). Moral development, HIV/AIDS knowledge, and attitude toward HIV/AIDS among counseling students in the United States. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 39(3), 295–310. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

· Article: Rose, J. S., Sullivan, L. T., Hairston, T., Laux, J. M., & Pawelczak, M. (2015). HIV/AIDS knowledge among professional counselors and counseling students in Ohio. Journal of LGBT Issues in Counseling, 9(1), 2–16. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.

Media

· Interactive Media: “Physician Referral Sheet”

· Audio: Profile: Sister Agnes Ramashiga, nurse and counselor for HIV and AIDS patients at Baragwaneth Hospital in South Africa. (2003, December 1). All Things Considered. Retrieved from the Walden Library resources.

· Video: PBS. (2007). HIV Ministry. Retrieved from: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/2007/10/19/october-19-2007-hiv-ministry/4447/

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